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JenaS62
Jan 22nd, 2010, 5:40 PM
http://www.faminegenocide.com/resources/unknown.html

This is something I had never heard of. Between 1932 and 1933, Josef Stalin, in an attempt to force Ukrainian's independent farmers into "collectivized Soviet agriculture" and to crush Ukrainian nationalism, set about committing genocide by starvation. At least 7 million died. Read the whole article but here are some highlights.

"During the bitter winter of 1932-33, mass starvation created by Kaganovitch and 0GPU hit full force. Ukrainians ate their pets, boots and belts, plus bark and roots. Some parents even ate infant children.

The precise number of Ukrainians murdered by Stalin's custom-made famine and Cheka firing squads remains unknown to this day. The KGB's archives, and recent work by Russian historians, show at least seven million died. Ukrainian historians put the figure at nine million, or higher. Twenty-five percent of Ukraine's population was exterminated.

While the world is by now fully aware of the destruction of Europe's Jews by the Nazis, the story of the numerically larger holocaust in Ukraine has been suppressed, or ignored. Ukraine's genocide occurred 8-9 years before Hitler began the Jewish Holocaust, and was committed, unlike Nazi crimes, before the world's gaze. But Stalin's murder of millions was simply denied, or concealed by a left-wing conspiracy of silence that continues to this day. In the strange moral geometry of mass murder, only Nazis are guilty.

Socialist luminaries like Bernard Shaw, Beatrice and Sidney Webb and PM Edouard Herriot of France, toured Ukraine during 1932-33 and proclaimed reports of famine were false. Shaw announced: "I did not see one under-nourished person in Russia." New York Times correspondent Walter Duranty, who won a Pulitzer Prize for his Russian reporting, wrote claims of famine were "malignant propaganda." Seven million people were dying around them, yet these fools saw nothing. The New York Times has never repudiated Duranty's lies.

Modern leftists do not care to be reminded their ideological and historical roots are entwined with this century's greatest crime - the inevitable result of enforced social engineering and Marxist theology. "

lycanox
Jan 22nd, 2010, 6:28 PM
Sigh, welcome to bad history.

First of all, the famine was the result of bad science done by Trofim Denisovich Lysenko. Not by political policies to attempt genocide.
The only policies that intentionally made the famine worse was the cover up during the famine. But at that point that famine had already started already anyway.
If you call that famine a genocide. Than the US attempted genocide in New Orleans as well.

Second. That weird pun about modern left is nothing more than propaganda bullshit.
We could just as easily say that the modern right has its roods in Fascism and draw historical lines with the nazies.

medicvet
Jan 22nd, 2010, 8:12 PM
I knew about the Ukrainian Holocaust. I also know that there is a holocaust going on in Darfur and we are letting it go on when we have the ability to stop it, but not the will, and that is freakin sad.

JenaS62
Jan 22nd, 2010, 9:02 PM
Sigh, welcome to bad history.

First of all, the famine was the result of bad science done by Trofim Denisovich Lysenko. Not by political policies to attempt genocide.
The only policies that intentionally made the famine worse was the cover up during the famine. But at that point that famine had already started already anyway. .

Show me. Apparently the people of Ukraine believe otherwise. And I'm sorry - bad science kill upwards of 7 Million people? Yeah ok.

http://www.artukraine.com/famineart/ukr_speaks.htm

"The 70th anniversary of the famine-genocide marks a turning point. Ukraine has spoken out clearly and officially at the Presidential, Parliamentary and Cabinet levels. A Presidential Decree dated March 20, 2002 established an organizing committee, chaired by the Prime Minister, and set out broad measures for planning and recognizing the anniversary locally, nationally and internationally. A Presidential Address to the People of Ukraine followed November 24, 2002. On November 28, 2002 the Verkhovna Rada passed two Resolutions. The first scheduled a parliamentary hearing for February 12, 2003 in memory of the victims.

The second, "condemning the policy of genocide by the leaders of the Soviet totalitarian regime against the citizens of Ukraine.," scheduled a special memorial meeting of Parliament in May 2003 and recommended to Cabinet a series of permanent measures for publicly commemorating the tragedy, including holding a competition to design a memorial. The President issued a Directive on "Further Measures in Relation to the 70th Anniversary of the Holodomor" December 6, 2002. On February 12, 2003, the President requested Cabinet to consider the establishment of a memorial complex, and the same day, the Verkhovna Rada held its planned parliamentary hearing, and confirmed its intention to hold a special meeting of parliament to formally commemorate the event.


If you call that famine a genocide. Than the US attempted genocide in New Orleans as well. .

What happened in NO was a tragedy, however, it was the result of poor response and poor planning. It was certainly no genocide attempt. You're rediculous.


Second. That weird pun about modern left is nothing more than propaganda bullshit.
We could just as easily say that the modern right has its roods in Fascism and draw historical lines with the nazies.

Propaganda bullshit by who? Who are you talking about?

And you have, on numerous occassions compared the US right wing to nazis. When actually socialism is the next step on the ladder to communism from capitalism.

JenaS62
Jan 22nd, 2010, 9:06 PM
Read this Lycanox. It was right there had you taken the time to look for it:

http://faminegenocide.com/resources/commissars.html

Addendum to the minutes of Politburo [meeting] No. 93.

RESOLUTION OF THE COUNCIL OF PEOPLE'S COMMISSARS OF THE UKRAINIAN SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLIC AND OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY (BOLSHEVIK) OF UKRAINE ON BLACKLISTING VILLAGES THAT MALICIOUSLY SABOTAGE THE COLLECTION OF GRAIN.

In view of the shameful collapse of grain collection in the more remote regions of Ukraine, the Council of People's Commissars and the Central Committee call upon the oblast executive committees and the oblast [party] committees as well as the raion executive committees and the raion [party] committees: to break up the sabotage of grain collection, which has been organized by kulak and counterrevolutionary elements; to liquidate the resistance of some of the rural communists, who in fact have become the leaders of the sabotage; to eliminate the passivity and complacency toward the saboteurs, incompatible with being a party member; and to ensure, with maximum speed, full and absolute compliance with the plan for grain collection.

The Council of People's Commissars and the Central Committee resolve:

To place the following villages on the black list for overt disruption of the grain collection plan and for malicious sabotage, organized by kulak and counterrevolutionary elements:

1. village of Verbka in Pavlograd raion, Dnepropetrovsk oblast.

...

5. village of Sviatotroitskoe in Troitsk raion, Odessa oblast.

6. village of Peski in Bashtan raion, Odessa oblast.

The following measures should be undertaken with respect to these villages :


Immediate cessation of delivery of goods, complete suspension of cooperative and state trade in the villages, and removal of all available goods from cooperative and state stores.

Full prohibition of collective farm trade for both collective farms and collective farmers, and for private farmers.

Cessation of any sort of credit and demand for early repayment of credit and other financial obligations.

Investigation and purge of all sorts of foreign and hostile elements from cooperative and state institutions, to be carried out by organs of the Workers and Peasants Inspectorate.

Investigation and purge of collective farms in these villages, with removal of counterrevolutionary elements and organizers of grain collection disruption.

The Council of People's Commissars and the Central Committee call upon all collective and private farmers who are honest and dedicated to Soviet rule to organize all their efforts for a merciless struggle against kulaks and their accomplices in order to: defeat in their villages the kulak sabotage of grain collection; fulfill honestly and conscientiously their grain collection obligations to the Soviet authorities; and strengthen collective farms.

CHAIRMAN OF THE COUNCIL OF PEOPLE'S
COMMISSARS OF THE UKRAINIAN SOVIET SOCIALIST
REPUBLIC - V. CHUBAR'.

SECRETARY OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF THE
COMMUNIST PARTY (BOLSHEVIK) OF UKRAINE - S. KOSIOR.

6 December 1932.

True copy

Mezurashi
Jan 22nd, 2010, 9:28 PM
I don't understand why people have such a hard time believing that Stalin was capable of such things. he is always held up as as much a mass murderer as Hitler (his 'cleansing' of his 'empire' wiped out millions both during WW2 and after).

Stalin was bloodthirsty and the denials of the reality of the situation back in the day were simply political maneuvering. plus Jena has a point about leftists, the extreme versions of that thinking are as capable of being blind to the obvious failings in their paradigm as any right wing fundie - we just see more of the right wing fundies in North American media which is probably why the thought of a left wing extremist doesn't automatically include idiot politicians who deny what's in front of them. the more stereotypical and common view of a left wing extremist is a bomb throwing maniac ...

but to label what was going on in the USSR as Communism or Socialism is incorrect. the so called 'Communist' nations aren't really that but rather Totalitarian Ogliarchies - a Dictatorship style gov't doesn't work for Communism any more than it would for a Capitalist nation. thus there are nations ruled by dictatorship which exhibit Capitalist profiles of economic interaction yet they are separated from Capitalist countries using labels like Dictatorship - though most Dictatorships are not Capitalist either. Dictatorships tend to form their own forms of economy.

and other known examples of how severe and inhuman the interference of the Politburo can be need only look to Romania under Caucescu for a more 'modern' example of things gone horribly wrong.

this isn't to say that Capitalism is perfect, far from it. but what's been going on in the Western World hasn't really been pure Capitalism for a long time, except for maybe in Hong Kong before 1997.

call it western market capitalism - and at it's core that paradigm assumes an annual growth and increase in profit for all eternity, there is No plan for eventual supply depletion, there's no room for it in the board rooms.

and for Genocidal actions check out Chinese Imperial History - or even the actions (that we are aware of) of the PRC Politburo in the 20th and 21st centuries ...

and as for why it was covered up - probably because they needed the USSR in the fight against Nazi Germany and afterwards they couldn't bring themselves to admit they went to bed with a genocidal lunatic. think of the way the Japanese were handled after WW2 (some of the guys who started the war ended up in Parliament because they were anti-Communist, the Emperor's role was 'Officially' changed to his being a puppet of Tojo) and consider the lies that have become part of history thanks to repetition.

but to use this as an attack against the left wing ideology would be like using a bank robbery to attack the right wing ideology (If it wasn't about wealth there wouldn't Need to be Banks ...).

it's a horrible thing, but this guy wasn't left or right wing, he was in a world of his own and no one ever told him different.

think of Dubya ...

JenaS62
Jan 22nd, 2010, 9:48 PM
Thanks for your input Mez. I'm now doing some more research on this. What I don't understand is why the blind denial by socialist and that dude from the NY Times. Why? What was their goal in hiding it?


**edit

http://faminegenocide.com/resources/famine_and_times.htm

At the time famine was raging in the Ukrainian countryside, The Times' Moscow correspondent, Walter Duranty, who won the Pulitzer Prize for his "dispassionate interpretive reporting" from the USSR, filed news reports that denied the famine's existence, while privately telling British intelligence that he believed over 10 million people had died.

There have been numerous attempts to get The Times to set the record straight.

Reef Badlaw
Jan 22nd, 2010, 10:17 PM
True, Jena. -And the word; holodomor means 'murder by hunger'.

Mezurashi
Jan 23rd, 2010, 10:04 AM
Thanks for your input Mez. I'm now doing some more research on this. What I don't understand is why the blind denial by socialist and that dude from the NY Times. Why? What was their goal in hiding it?


**edit

http://faminegenocide.com/resources/famine_and_times.htm

At the time famine was raging in the Ukrainian countryside, The Times' Moscow correspondent, Walter Duranty, who won the Pulitzer Prize for his "dispassionate interpretive reporting" from the USSR, filed news reports that denied the famine's existence, while privately telling British intelligence that he believed over 10 million people had died.

There have been numerous attempts to get The Times to set the record straight.

again consider the Time of the situation, the political reality in existence and then the subsequent 'cover up' as all part of 'business as usual.'

why isn't the record being set straight? for the same reason the Japanese still deny their historical record for recent atrocities in China, Korea and the Philippines before and during WW2 - and the same reason why the US Gov't still covers up it's complicity in setting up Japanese War Criminals in the newly formed Parliament of Occupied Japan after the war ended.

the revelation of the Ukrainian genocide is one thing, getting the 'Powers That Were and might still Be' to admit it is an entirely different animal.

Let's face it, radical leftists who toured the USSR during the early to mid 1980's (some kind of 'peace cruise' up the Volga if I recall) were blind to the reality and found ways to soft pedal or completely ignore the situation in the same manner that reactionary right wingers saw nothing but horror and devastation. the Reality was somewhere between the two (as it tends to be in real life situations).

and the Socialists of the 1930's were about as worldly as your average anyone back then, which is to say, the majority were 'church followers' who espoused the party line and so forth. recall that Fascism was once a Viable POlitical Party Option and that the British Fascist Party was well on it's way to gaining power in the decade before WW2.

Neville Chamberlain, PM of Great Britain, was dumb enough to buy into Hitler's promises and proudly declared 'Peace In Our Time.'

is it any surprise that other political appointee's were just as, if not more, blind to the obviousness of the situation they observed?

is it any surprise that those who were potentially going to wind up with egg on their collective face might try to deflect or suppress that?

sad, but this cover up (like so many) is all about pride, not ideology ...

lycanox
Jan 23rd, 2010, 11:03 AM
Show me. Apparently the people of Ukraine believe otherwise. And I'm sorry - bad science kill upwards of 7 Million people? Yeah ok.

http://www.artukraine.com/famineart/ukr_speaks.htm

"The 70th anniversary of the famine-genocide marks a turning point. Ukraine has spoken out clearly and officially at the Presidential, Parliamentary and Cabinet levels. A Presidential Decree dated March 20, 2002 established an organizing committee, chaired by the Prime Minister, and set out broad measures for planning and recognizing the anniversary locally, nationally and internationally. A Presidential Address to the People of Ukraine followed November 24, 2002. On November 28, 2002 the Verkhovna Rada passed two Resolutions. The first scheduled a parliamentary hearing for February 12, 2003 in memory of the victims.

The second, "condemning the policy of genocide by the leaders of the Soviet totalitarian regime against the citizens of Ukraine.," scheduled a special memorial meeting of Parliament in May 2003 and recommended to Cabinet a series of permanent measures for publicly commemorating the tragedy, including holding a competition to design a memorial. The President issued a Directive on "Further Measures in Relation to the 70th Anniversary of the Holodomor" December 6, 2002. On February 12, 2003, the President requested Cabinet to consider the establishment of a memorial complex, and the same day, the Verkhovna Rada held its planned parliamentary hearing, and confirmed its intention to hold a special meeting of parliament to formally commemorate the event.

That people believe it was intentionally does not make something intentionally.



What happened in NO was a tragedy, however, it was the result of poor response and poor planning. It was certainly no genocide attempt. You're rediculous.
The famine was also the result of poor planning and response.




Propaganda bullshit by who? Who are you talking about?

And you have, on numerous occassions compared the US right wing to nazis. When actually socialism is the next step on the ladder to communism from capitalism.

And capitalism is the next step on the ladder to fascism.
If you compare socialism to stalinism in a ridiculous way. Than we can also do the same between fascism and right wing supporters.

So either prove that todays left, or socialist movement has really anything to do with communism or that famine.
Or agree that you are just repeating old ultra right propaganda.








Read this Lycanox. It was right there had you taken the time to look for it:

http://faminegenocide.com/resources/commissars.html

Addendum to the minutes of Politburo [meeting] No. 93.

RESOLUTION OF THE COUNCIL OF PEOPLE'S COMMISSARS OF THE UKRAINIAN SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLIC AND OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY (BOLSHEVIK) OF UKRAINE ON BLACKLISTING VILLAGES THAT MALICIOUSLY SABOTAGE THE COLLECTION OF GRAIN.

In view of the shameful collapse of grain collection in the more remote regions of Ukraine, the Council of People's Commissars and the Central Committee call upon the oblast executive committees and the oblast [party] committees as well as the raion executive committees and the raion [party] committees: to break up the sabotage of grain collection, which has been organized by kulak and counterrevolutionary elements; to liquidate the resistance of some of the rural communists, who in fact have become the leaders of the sabotage; to eliminate the passivity and complacency toward the saboteurs, incompatible with being a party member; and to ensure, with maximum speed, full and absolute compliance with the plan for grain collection.

The Council of People's Commissars and the Central Committee resolve:

To place the following villages on the black list for overt disruption of the grain collection plan and for malicious sabotage, organized by kulak and counterrevolutionary elements:

1. village of Verbka in Pavlograd raion, Dnepropetrovsk oblast.

...

5. village of Sviatotroitskoe in Troitsk raion, Odessa oblast.

6. village of Peski in Bashtan raion, Odessa oblast.

The following measures should be undertaken with respect to these villages :


Immediate cessation of delivery of goods, complete suspension of cooperative and state trade in the villages, and removal of all available goods from cooperative and state stores.

Full prohibition of collective farm trade for both collective farms and collective farmers, and for private farmers.

Cessation of any sort of credit and demand for early repayment of credit and other financial obligations.

Investigation and purge of all sorts of foreign and hostile elements from cooperative and state institutions, to be carried out by organs of the Workers and Peasants Inspectorate.

Investigation and purge of collective farms in these villages, with removal of counterrevolutionary elements and organizers of grain collection disruption.

The Council of People's Commissars and the Central Committee call upon all collective and private farmers who are honest and dedicated to Soviet rule to organize all their efforts for a merciless struggle against kulaks and their accomplices in order to: defeat in their villages the kulak sabotage of grain collection; fulfill honestly and conscientiously their grain collection obligations to the Soviet authorities; and strengthen collective farms.

CHAIRMAN OF THE COUNCIL OF PEOPLE'S
COMMISSARS OF THE UKRAINIAN SOVIET SOCIALIST
REPUBLIC - V. CHUBAR'.

SECRETARY OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF THE
COMMUNIST PARTY (BOLSHEVIK) OF UKRAINE - S. KOSIOR.

6 December 1932.

True copy

That is just part of the cover up later on in the famine.
Where the regime blamed terrorists for their own mistakes.

The famine was a huge propaganda nightmare for the soviets.
Where they had to choose to admit that their method was wrong and that they were severely weakened as a result. (Which would be a huge image blow for them and would destroy any hope of rallying people under stalinism.)

While this did make the situation somewhat worse.
It does not prove that the soviet union deliberately set of a famine.
As this is not the case.
In fact after Stalin the people responsible for the famine were purged before they could do any more damage to the system.
Unfortunately their disastrous method of farming was already passed to allied countries like china. Where it caused disasters as well.

That the Ukrainians see it as a genocide is just a matter of an opinion. As in their view Stalin was a monster. And is thus demonized as much as possible. Just like people in New Orleans believe that the government intentionally made a mess during Katrina to punish black people and homosexuals.

calliope
Jan 23rd, 2010, 12:16 PM
Jena ~ great discussion. Masking genocide as famine is not unknown. Here's one that happened in Ireland, better known as the potato famine, though it was actually starvation/genocide caused by deliberate food restriction.

Irish Holocaust ~


Britain's cover-up of its 1845-1850 holocaust in Ireland the most successful Big Lie in all of history?
...

Ireland starved because its food, from 40 to 70 shiploads per day, was removed at gunpoint by 12,000 British constables reinforced by the British militia, battleships, excise vessels, Coast Guard and by 200,000 British soldiers (100,000 at any given moment) The attached map shows the never-before-published names and locations in Ireland of the food removal regiments (Disposition of the Army; Public Record Office, London; et al, of which we possess photocopies). Thus, Britain seized from Ireland's producers tens of millions of head of livestock; tens of millions of tons of flour, grains, meat, poultry & dairy products; enough to sustain 18 million persons.

The Public Record Office recently informed us that their British regiments' Daily Activity Reports of 1845-1850 have "gone missing." Those records include each regiment's cattle drives and grain-cart convoys it escorted at gun-point from the Irish districts assigned to it. Also "missing" are the receipts issued by the British army commissariat officers in every Irish port tallying the cattle and tonnage of foodstuff removed; likewise the export lading manifests. Other records provide all-revealing glimpses of the "missing" data...

http://www.irishholocaust.org/

Demonskates
Jan 23rd, 2010, 12:58 PM
This is something I had never heard of. Between 1932 and 1933, Josef Stalin, in an attempt to force Ukrainian's independent farmers into "collectivized Soviet agriculture" and to crush Ukrainian nationalism, set about committing genocide by starvation. At least 7 million died. Read the whole article but here are some highlights.

"During the bitter winter of 1932-33, mass starvation created by Kaganovitch and 0GPU hit full force. Ukrainians ate their pets, boots and belts, plus bark and roots. Some parents even ate infant children.

The precise number of Ukrainians murdered by Stalin's custom-made famine and Cheka firing squads remains unknown to this day. The KGB's archives, and recent work by Russian historians, show at least seven million died. Ukrainian historians put the figure at nine million, or higher. Twenty-five percent of Ukraine's population was exterminated.

While the world is by now fully aware of the destruction of Europe's Jews by the Nazis, the story of the numerically larger holocaust in Ukraine has been suppressed, or ignored. Ukraine's genocide occurred 8-9 years before Hitler began the Jewish Holocaust, and was committed, unlike Nazi crimes, before the world's gaze. But Stalin's murder of millions was simply denied, or concealed by a left-wing conspiracy of silence that continues to this day. In the strange moral geometry of mass murder, only Nazis are guilty.

Socialist luminaries like Bernard Shaw, Beatrice and Sidney Webb and PM Edouard Herriot of France, toured Ukraine during 1932-33 and proclaimed reports of famine were false. Shaw announced: "I did not see one under-nourished person in Russia." New York Times correspondent Walter Duranty, who won a Pulitzer Prize for his Russian reporting, wrote claims of famine were "malignant propaganda." Seven million people were dying around them, yet these fools saw nothing. The New York Times has never repudiated Duranty's lies.

Modern leftists do not care to be reminded their ideological and historical roots are entwined with this century's greatest crime - the inevitable result of enforced social engineering and Marxist theology. " [/QUOTE]

Theres alot of stuff stalin did that was overlooked because Russia was our Allie.
Stalin made hitler look like the tooth fairie .........

http://socialistworld.net/eng/2009/11/2701.html

http://www.infowars.com/russian-scholars-stalin-planned-ukraine-genocide/

http://www.artukraine.com/famineart/stvictims.htm

antilib
Jan 23rd, 2010, 1:59 PM
and yet humans have never learned...it continues to this day in many third world countries...
Just look at Jimmy Carter's Zimbabwe
"Not surprisingly, the young, the sick, and the elderly are most at risk. Some are already suffering from malnutrition, and even dying prematurely."

lycanox
Jan 23rd, 2010, 2:27 PM
Theres alot of stuff stalin did that was overlooked because Russia was our Allie.
Stalin made hitler look like the tooth fairie .........
Actually back then the Nazis were our allies. Not the soviets.
Stalin only became our ally during the world war.

Demonskates
Jan 24th, 2010, 6:42 AM
Actually back then the Nazis were our allies. Not the soviets.
Stalin only became our ally during the world war.

I should have clarified.being this did happen in the thirtys before the war.Alot of the atrrocities commited by stalin were during the war as well, but was more to do with political genocide which is in one of those links i put up there,i think the second one down anyway. I still beleive stalin was a worse human being than hitler if you go by sheer numbers.
I also beleive that the actual start of hostlitys was BEFORE 1940-1941. They were already wrecking u.s. shipping in 1939...prior to them declaring war. The battle for the atlantic began 1939,and ran until 1945.The Germnas werent much of an allie. Again semantics.

Freddy
Jan 26th, 2010, 8:46 PM
Sigh, welcome to bad history.

First of all, the famine was the result of bad science done by Trofim Denisovich Lysenko. Not by political policies to attempt genocide.
The only policies that intentionally made the famine worse was the cover up during the famine. But at that point that famine had already started already anyway.
If you call that famine a genocide. Than the US attempted genocide in New Orleans as well.

Second. That weird pun about modern left is nothing more than propaganda bullshit.
We could just as easily say that the modern right has its roods in Fascism and draw historical lines with the nazies.
Bad history, please. I suppose none of this history happened. If you can show some evidence that what follows is incorrect, please do so.

"To Stalin, the burgeoning national revival movement and continuing loss of Soviet influence in the Ukraine was completely unacceptable. To crush the people's free spirit, he began to employ the same methods he had successfully used within the Soviet Union. Thus, beginning in 1929, over 5,000 Ukrainian scholars, scientists, cultural and religious leaders were arrested after being falsely accused of plotting an armed revolt. Those arrested were either shot without a trial or deported to prison camps in remote areas of Russia.

Stalin also imposed the Soviet system of land management known as collectivization. This resulted in the seizure of all privately owned farmlands and livestock, in a country where 80 percent of the people were traditional village farmers. Among those farmers, were a class of people called Kulaks by the Communists. They were formerly wealthy farmers that had owned 24 or more acres, or had employed farm workers. Stalin believed any future insurrection would be led by the Kulaks, thus he proclaimed a policy aimed at "liquidating the Kulaks as a class."

Declared "enemies of the people," the Kulaks were left homeless and without a single possession as everything was taken from them, even their pots and pans. It was also forbidden by law for anyone to aid dispossessed Kulak families. Some researchers estimate that ten million persons were thrown out of their homes, put on railroad box cars and deported to "special settlements" in the wilderness of Siberia during this era, with up to a third of them perishing amid the frigid living conditions. Men and older boys, along with childless women and unmarried girls, also became slave-workers in Soviet-run mines and big industrial projects.

But the resistance continued. The people simply refused to become cogs in the Soviet farm machine and remained stubbornly determined to return to their pre-Soviet farming lifestyle. Some refused to work at all, leaving the wheat and oats to rot in unharvested fields. Once again, they were placing themselves in conflict with Stalin.

In Moscow, Stalin responded to their unyielding defiance by dictating a policy that would deliberately cause mass starvation and result in the deaths of millions.

By mid 1932, nearly 75 percent of the farms in the Ukraine had been forcibly collectivized. On Stalin's orders, mandatory quotas of foodstuffs to be shipped out to the Soviet Union were drastically increased in August, October and again in January 1933, until there was simply no food remaining to feed the people of the Ukraine.

Much of the hugely abundant wheat crop harvested by the Ukrainians that year was dumped on the foreign market to generate cash to aid Stalin's Five Year Plan for the modernization of the Soviet Union and also to help finance his massive military buildup. If the wheat had remained in the Ukraine, it was estimated to have been enough to feed all of the people there for up to two years.

Ukrainian Communists urgently appealed to Moscow for a reduction in the grain quotas and also asked for emergency food aid. Stalin responded by denouncing them and rushed in over 100,000 fiercely loyal Russian soldiers to purge the Ukrainian Communist Party. The Soviets then sealed off the borders of the Ukraine, preventing any food from entering, in effect turning the country into a gigantic concentration camp. Soviet police troops inside the Ukraine also went house to house seizing any stored up food, leaving farm families without a morsel. All food was considered to be the "sacred" property of the State. Anyone caught stealing State property, even an ear of corn or stubble of wheat, could be shot or imprisoned for not less than ten years.

Starvation quickly ensued throughout the Ukraine, with the most vulnerable, children and the elderly, first feeling the effects of malnutrition. The once-smiling young faces of children vanished forever amid the constant pain of hunger. It gnawed away at their bellies, which became grossly swollen, while their arms and legs became like sticks as they slowly starved to death.

Meanwhile, nearby Soviet-controlled granaries were said to be bursting at the seams from huge stocks of 'reserve' grain, which had not yet been shipped out of the Ukraine. In some locations, grain and potatoes were piled in the open, protected by barbed wire and armed GPU guards who shot down anyone attempting to take the food. Farm animals, considered necessary for production, were allowed to be fed, while the people living among them had absolutely nothing to eat.

By the spring of 1933, the height of the famine, an estimated 25,000 persons died every day in the Ukraine. Entire villages were perishing. In Europe, America and Canada, persons of Ukrainian descent and others responded to news reports of the famine by sending in food supplies. But Soviet authorities halted all food shipments at the border. It was the official policy of the Soviet Union to deny the existence of a famine and thus to refuse any outside assistance. Anyone claiming that there was in fact a famine was accused of spreading anti-Soviet propaganda. Inside the Soviet Union, a person could be arrested for even using the word 'famine' or 'hunger' or 'starvation' in a sentence.

By the end of 1933, nearly 25 percent of the population of the Ukraine, including three million children, had perished. The Kulaks as a class were destroyed and an entire nation of village farmers had been laid low. With his immediate objectives now achieved, Stalin allowed food distribution to resume inside the Ukraine and the famine subsided. However, political persecutions and further round-ups of 'enemies' continued unchecked in the years following the famine, interrupted only in June 1941 when Nazi troops stormed into the country. Hitler's troops, like all previous invaders, arrived in the Ukraine to rob the breadbasket of Europe and simply replaced one reign of terror with another."

http://www.historyplace.com/worldhistory/genocide/stalin.htm
http://www.encyclopediaofukraine.com/pages/K/U/Kulak.htm
http://www.wake-up-america.net/Remembering%20Ukraine%27s%20Unknown%20Holocaust.ht m
http://www.ppu.org.uk/genocide/g_ukraine.html