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List of Epidemics and Plagues
Main Articles - Casualty by Natural
January 19, 2012

List of epidemics & plagues

This article is a list of epidemics of infectious disease. Widespread and chronic complaints such as heart disease and allergy are not included if they are not thought to be infectious.

Death toll Region Years Name Species
  Egypt 1650 BC1550 BC   bubonic plague or influenza
  Greece 430 BC427 BC Plague of Athens plague
5,000,000 Roman Empire 165180 Antonine Plague smallpox
  Roman Empire 251270 Plague of Cyprian smallpox
25,000,000 Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire 541542 Plague of Justinian bubonic plague
25,000 Palestine 639 Plague of Emmaus bubonic plague
100,000,000 Europe, Asia 1338–1351 Black Death bubonic plague
  Russia 1353   Plague
  France 1466 Paris plague
  England 1485, 1507, 1516, 1529, 1551 English sweating sickness unknown
  Spain 1489 Granada typhus
  Hispaniola 1493   influenza
  Iceland 1494–1495   plague
  England 1498   plague
  Italy 1505–1530   typhus
1,500,000 (est) The Americas 1500-1900   smallpox, measles, typhoid, etc.
  Hispaniola 1507   smallpox
  England 1509–1510   plague
  Puerto Rico 1515   smallpox
  Hispaniola 1518   smallpox
  Mexico 1520   smallpox
  Germany 1527   plague
  Peru 1527–1530   smallpox
  Mexico, Peru 1530–1531   measles
  Mexico, Peru 1546   typhus
  Brazil 1555   smallpox
  Spain 1557 Valencia plague
  Mexico, Peru 1558–1559   influenza
  Ottoman Empire 1560 Istanbul plague
  Chile 1561   smallpox
  England 1563–1564   plague
  Russia 1570 Moscow plague
  Scotland 1574 Edinburgh plague
  Mexico 1576   viral hemorrhagic fever
  Seneca nation 1592–1596   measles
  Spain 1596–1602   plague
  South America 1600–1650   malaria
  England 1603 London plague
  Egypt 1609   plague
  Thirteen Colonies 1617–1619 Massachusetts Bay area smallpox
  Italy 1629–1631 Italian plague of 1629–1631 plague
  Wyandot people 1630 in Ontario smallpox
  Thirteen Colonies 1633 Plymouth Colony smallpox
  Thirteen Colonies 1634 Connecticut River area smallpox
  England 1636 Newcastle plague
  China 1641–1644 helped end the Ming Dynasty plague
  Spain 1647–1652 Great Plague of Seville plague
  South America 1648   yellow fever
  Italy 1656 Naples plague
  Thirteen Colonies 1657 Boston, Massachusetts measles
  Netherlands 1663–1664 Amsterdam plague
100,000[20] England 1665–1666 Great Plague of London plague
40,000 France 1668   plague
  Spain 1676–1685   plague
  Austria 1679 Great Plague of Vienna plague
  Thirteen Colonies 1687 Boston, Massachusetts measles
  Thirteen Colonies 1690 New York City yellow fever
  Canada, New France 1702–1703   smallpox
  Sweden 1710–1711 Stockholm plague
  Thirteen Colonies 1713 Boston, Massachusetts measles
  Thirteen Colonies 1713–1715 New England and the Great Lakes measles
  Canada, New France 1714–1715   measles
  France 1720–1722 Great Plague of Marseille plague
  Thirteen Colonies 1721–1722 Boston, Massachusetts smallpox
  Thirteen Colonies 1729 Boston, Massachusetts measles
  Spain 1730 Cadiz yellow fever
  Thirteen Colonies 1732–1733   influenza
  Canada, New France 1733   smallpox
  Balkans 1738 Great Plague of 1738 plague
  Thirteen Colonies 1738 South Carolina smallpox
  Thirteen Colonies 1739–1740 Boston, Massachusetts measles
  Italy 1743 Messina plague
  Thirteen Colonies 1747 CT, NY, PA, SC measles
  North America 1755–1756   smallpox
  North America 1759   measles
  North America, West Indies 1761   influenza
  Russia 1770–1772 Russian plague of 1770–1772 plague
  Pacific Northwest natives 1770s   smallpox
  North America 1772   measles
  North America 1775 particularly in the northeast unknown cause
  England 1775–1776   influenza
  Spain 1778 Cadiz dengue fever
  Plains Indians 1780–1782 North American smallpox epidemic smallpox
  Pueblo Indians 1788   smallpox
  United States 1788 Philadelphia and New York measles
  New South Wales 1789–1790 amongst the Aborigines smallpox
  United States 1793 Vermont influenza and epidemic typhus
  United States 1793 Virginia influenza
  United States 1793–1798 Yellow Fever Epidemic of 1793, resurgences yellow fever
  Spain 1800–1803   yellow fever
  Ottoman Empire, Egypt 1801   bubonic plague
  United States 1803 New York yellow fever
  Egypt 1812   plague
  Ottoman Empire 1812 Istanbul plague
  Malta 1813   plague
  Romania 1813 Bucharest plague
  Ireland 1816–1819   typhus
>>100,000 Asia, Europe 1816–1826 first cholera pandemic cholera
  United States 1820–1823 arising near Schuylkill River fever[ambiguous]
  Spain 1821 Barcelona yellow fever
  New South Wales 1828 amongst the Aborigines smallpox
  Netherlands 1829 Groningen epidemic malaria
  South Australia 1829   smallpox
  Iran 1829–1835   bubonic plague
>>100,000 Asia, Europe, North America 1829–1851 second cholera pandemic cholera
  Egypt 1831   cholera
  Plains Indians 1831–1834   smallpox
  England, France 1832 London, Paris cholera
  North America 1832 New York City, Montreal other cities cholera
  United States 1833 Columbus, Ohio cholera
  United States 1834 New York City cholera
  Egypt 1834–1836   bubonic plague
  United States 1837 Philadelphia typhus
  Great Plains 1837–1838 1837-38 smallpox epidemic smallpox
  Dalmatia 1840   plague
  South Africa 1840 Cape Town smallpox
  United States 1841 especially severe in the South yellow fever
  United States 1847 New Orleans yellow fever
  worldwide 1847–1848   influenza
  Egypt 1848   cholera
  North America 1848–1849   cholera
  United States 1850   yellow fever
  North America 1850–1851   influenza
  United States 1851 Illinois, the Great Plains, and Missouri cholera
  United States 1852 New Orleans yellow fever
1,000,000 Russia 1852–1860 third cholera pandemic cholera
  Ottoman Empire 1853 what is now Yemen plague
616 England 1854 Broad Street cholera outbreak cholera
  United States 1855   yellow fever
  worldwide 1855–1950 Third Pandemic bubonic plague
  Portugal 1857 Lisbon yellow fever
  Victoria, Australia 1857   smallpox
  Europe, North America, South America 1857–1859   influenza
  Middle East 1863–1879 fourth cholera pandemic cholera
  Egypt 1865   cholera
  Russia, Germany 1866–1867   cholera
  Australia 1867 Sydney measles
  Iraq 1867   plague
  Argentina 1852–1871 Buenos Aires yellow fever
  Germany 1870–1871   smallpox
  Russian Empire 1877 Baku, now part of Azerbaijan plague
  Egypt 1881   cholera
>>9,000 India, Germany 1881–1896 fifth cholera pandemic cholera
3,164 Montreal 1885   smallpox
1,000,000 worldwide 1889–1890 Russian flu influenza
  Congo Basin 1896–1906   trypanosomiasis
>>800,000 Europe, Asia, Africa 1899–1923 sixth cholera pandemic cholera
  West Africa 1900   yellow fever
  Uganda 1900–1920   trypanosomiasis
  Egypt 1902   cholera
  India 1903   plague
  China 1910–1912 Manchuria bubonic plague
75,000,000 worldwide 1918–1920 1918 flu pandemic influenza
  Russia 1918–1922   typhus
  Egypt 1942–1944   malaria
  China 1946 Manchuria bubonic plague
  Egypt 1946   relapsing fever
  Egypt 1947   cholera
2,000,000 worldwide 1957–1958 Asian flu influenza
  worldwide 1961–present seventh cholera pandemic cholera
1,000,000 worldwide 1968–1969 Hong Kong flu influenza
  Yugoslavia 1972 1972 outbreak of smallpox in Yugoslavia smallpox
15,000 India 1974 1974 smallpox epidemic of India smallpox
25,000,000 worldwide 1981–present HIV/AIDS pandemic HIV/AIDS
  South America 1990s   cholera
52 India 1994 1994 plague epidemic in Surat plague
  West Africa 1996   meningitis
  Central America 2000   dengue fever
  Nigeria 2001   cholera
  South Africa 2001   cholera
775 Asia 2002–2003 SARS SARS coronavirus
  Algeria 2003   plague
  Afghanistan 2004   leishmaniasis
  Bangladesh 2004   cholera
  Indonesia 2004   dengue fever
  Senegal 2004   cholera
  Sudan 2004   ebola
  Mali 2005   yellow fever
19 Singapore 2005 2005 dengue outbreak in Singapore dengue fever
  Angola 2006 Luanda cholera
  Congo 2006 Ituri Province plague
  India 2006   malaria
50+ India 2006 2006 dengue outbreak in India dengue fever
  India 2006 Chikungunya outbreaks Chikungunya virus
50+ Pakistan 2006 2006 dengue outbreak in Pakistan dengue fever
  Philippines 2006   dengue fever
  Congo 2007 Mweka ebola
  Ethiopia 2007   cholera
49 India 2007   cholera
10 Iraq 2007 2007 Iraq cholera outbreak cholera
  Nigeria 2007   polio
  Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic, Mexico 2007   dengue fever
  Somalia 2007   cholera
  Uganda 2007   ebola
  Vietnam 2007   cholera
  Brazil 2008   dengue fever
  Cambodia 2008   dengue fever
  Chad 2008   cholera
  China 2008   hand, foot and mouth disease
  Madagascar 2008   bubonic plague
  Philippines 2008   dengue fever
  Vietnam 2008   cholera
4,293 Zimbabwe 2008–2009 2008–2009 Zimbabwean cholera outbreak cholera
18 Bolivia 2009 2009 Bolivian dengue fever epidemic dengue fever
  India 2009 2009 Gujarat hepatitis outbreak hepatitis B
  Queensland, Australia 2009   dengue fever
  worldwide 2009 Mumps outbreaks in the 2000s mumps
931 West Africa 2009–2010 2009-2010 West African meningitis outbreak meningitis
14,286 worldwide 2009–2010 2009 flu pandemic influenza
4,749 Hispaniola 2010–present 2010–2011 Haiti cholera outbreak cholera
  Congo 2011–present   measles
81 Vietnam 2011–present   hand, foot and mouth disease
350+ Pakistan 2011–present 2011 dengue outbreak in Pakistan dengue fever
Death toll Region Years Name Species
 
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