Home
Support AO!

Making a purchase through amazon? Use this link. A small portion of the sale will goto the site, no extra charge to you!

Shop Amazon
 
Welcome to Armageddon Online - Disaster News, Future Scenarios, Preparedness and Survival

Advertise

Saint Malachy - Prophecy of the Popes
Main Articles - Disaster Prophecy
October 10, 2011

Saint Malachy

Malachy O'More (Or O'Morgair) was born in Armagh, Ireland in 1094 and ordained a priest by his mentor, Saint Cellach, in 1119. He soon be came the abbot of Bangor and was consecrated bishop of Connor, then appointed ot the primacy of Armagh in 1132. During his long career he instituted celibacy regulations and other disciplines upon Irish clergy while introducing the use of prayers and chants at the traditional canonical hours. He practiced the laying on of hands, and many supernatural healings were attributed to him. He was the first Irish saint to be canonized by Rome.

Prophecy of the Popes

On a trip to visit Pope Innocent II, Malachy had a vision in which he saw a list giving the names of the 112 popes who would rule between then and the end of time.  The prophecy was allegedly written down but then lost for four hundred years. It supposedly became buried in the Vatican archives until found and published in 1590 by Arnold de Wyon. Since it had been missing for so long, its validity was questioned even at the time of its discovery. But those who have worked with the original manuscript claim to have discovered very accurate traits attributed to the popes on the list.

The last entry on the list reads: "In the final persecution of the Holy Roman Church there will reign Peter the Roman, who will feed his flock amid many tribulations, after which the seven-hilled city will be destroyed and the dreadful Judge will judge the people. The End." Some historians who have studied Saint Malachy's list believe that it names only two popes following John Paul II, who died in 2005. Malachy labeled the first of these Gloria Olivae ("glory of the olives"). He labeled the second Peter of Rome.

The day the new pop, Benedict XVI, was named, the Internet was abuzz with a new theory. The Olivetans were an early branch of white monks of the Benedictine Order, founded in 1319. After a rather rocky start they eventually established the center of their order on a mountain covered with olive groves. They call their hermitage "Monte Oliveto" and dedicated themselves, through penance and fasting, to remembering Christ's agony in the garden on the Mount of Olives the night before he was crucified

Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, now Pope Benedict XVI, took the name of the Benedictine order's founder upon his election to papacy. Through historical association he is this connected with the Olivetans. Because he was seventy-eight years old, the oldest pope elected in more than two centuries, within hours of his announcement speculation began to center on his successor. Was this a fulfuillment if Malachy's prophecy that the next-to-the-last pop will be identified with the olive - Gloria Olivae? Will there be only one more pope named before the return of Christ? Will the next pope be "Peter of Rome," the last of the line to be called Vicar of Christ?

Pope watchers are waiting to see...

Popes and Antipopes 1143–1590

The text on the green lines below reproduces the original text (including punctuation and orthography) of the 1595 Lignum Vitae, which consisted of three parallel columns for the Popes before 1590. The first column contained the motto, the second the name of the Pope or Antipope to whom it was attached (with occasional errors), and the third an attempted explanation or justification of the name. The original list was unnumbered.

Pre-appearance Popes (1143–1590)
Pope No. Motto (Translation) Regnal Name (Reign) Name Historical Reference or Explanation Coat of Arms
Ex caſtro Tiberis. Cœleſtinus. ij. Typhernas.
167 1. From a castle of the Tiber Celestine II (1143–1144) Guido de Castello An inhabitant of Tifernum.
Born in Città di Castello, Umbria, on the banks of the Tiber.
 
Inimicus expulſus. Lucius. ij. De familia Caccianemica.
168 2. Enemy expelled Lucius II (1144–1145) Gherardo Caccianemici del Orso Of the Caccianemici family.
This motto refers to Gherardo Caccianemici’s surname. “Cacciare” means “to hunt”, and “nemici” is the Italian word for “enemies”. As his name foreshadowed, Caccianemici would be driven from Rome by his own subjects.
 
Ex magnitudine mõtis. Eugenius. iij. Patria Ethruſcus oppido Montis magni.
169 3. Out of the greatness of the mountain Eugene III (1145–1153) Bernardo dei Pagnelli di Montemagno Tuscan by nation, from the town of Montemagno.
The motto refers to Pope Eugene’s last name, “Montemagno.”
 
Abbas Suburranus. Anaſtaſius. iiij. De familia Suburra.
170 4. Suburran abbot Anastasius IV (1153–1154) Corrado di Suburra From the Suburra family.  
De rure albo. Adrianus. iiij. Vilis natus in oppido Sancti Albani.
171 5. From the white countryside Adrian IV (1154–1159) Nicholas Breakspear Humbly born in the town of St. Albans.
Educated at the St Albans School in Hertfordshire. Nicholas Breakspear was the bishop of Albano before becoming pope.
 
Ex tetro carcere. Victor. iiij. Fuit Cardinalis S. Nicolai in carcere Tulliano.
  6. Out of a loathsome prison. Victor IV, Antipope (1159–1164) Ottaviano Monticello He was a cardinal of St. Nicholas in the Tullian prison.
 
Via Tranſtiberina. Calliſtus. iij. [sic] Guido Cremenſis Cardinalis S. Mariæ Tranſtiberim.
  7. Road across the Tiber. Paschal III, Antipope (1164–1168) Guido di Crema Guido of Crema, Cardinal of St. Mary across the Tiber.
As a cardinal, he had held the title of Santa Maria in Trastevere.
 
De Pannonia Thuſciæ. Paſchalis. iij. [sic] Antipapa. Hungarus natione, Epiſcopus Card. Tuſculanus.
  8. From Tusculan Hungary Callixtus III, Antipope (1168–1178) Giovanni di Strumi Antipope. A Hungarian by birth, Cardinal Bishop of Tusculum.
He was John, Abbot of Struma, originally from Hungary.
 
Ex anſere cuſtode. Alexander. iij. De familia Paparona.
172 9. Out of the guardian goose Alexander III (1159–1181) Orlando Bandinelli Paparoni Of the Paparoni family.
His family's coat of arms had a goose on it.
 
Lux in oſtio. Lucius. iij. Lucenſis Card. Oſtienſis.
173 10. A light in the entrance Lucius III (1181–1185) Ubaldo Allucingoli A Luccan Cardinal of Ostia.
In 1159, he became Cardinal Bishop of Ostia. Lux may also be a wordplay on Lucius.
 
Sus in cribro. Vrbanus. iij. Mediolanenſis, familia cribella, quæ Suem pro armis gerit.
174 11. Pig in a sieve Urban III (1185–1187) Umberto Crivelli A Milanese, of the Cribella (Crivelli) family, which bears a pig for arms.
His family name Crivelli means "a sieve" in Italian.
 
Enſis Laurentii. Gregorius. viij. Card. S. Laurentii in Lucina, cuius inſignia enſes falcati.
175 12. The sword of St. Lawrence Gregory VIII (1187) Alberto De Morra Cardinal of St. Lawrence in Lucina, of whom the arms were curved swords.
He had been the Cardinal of St. Lawrence and his armorial bearing was a drawn sword.
 
De Schola exiet. Clemens. iij. Romanus, domo Scholari.
176 13 He will come from school Clement III (1187–1191) Paolo Scolari A Roman, of the house of Scolari.
His family name was Scolari.
 
De rure bouenſi. Cœleſtinus. iij. Familia Bouenſi.
177 14. From cattle country Celestine III (1191–1198) Giacinto Bobone Bovensis (Bobone) family.
He was from the Bobone family; a wordplay on cattle (boves).
 
Comes Signatus. Innocentius. iij. Familia Comitum Signiæ.
178 15. Designated count Innocent III (1198–1216) Lotario dei Conti di Segni Family of the Counts of Signia (Segni)
Descendant of the Segni family.
C o a Innocenzo III.svg
Canonicus de latere. Honorius. iij. Familia Sabella, Canonicus S. Ioannis Lateranensis.
179 16. Canon from the side Honorius III (1216–1227) Cencio Savelli Savelli family, canon of St. John Lateran
He was a canon for the church of Santa Maria Maggiore, and had served as papal chamberlain in 1188.
C o a Onorio IV.svg
Auis Oſtienſis. Gregorius. ix. Familia Comitum Signiæ Epiſcopus Card. Oſtienſis.
180 17. Bird of Ostia Gregory IX (1227–1241) Ugolino dei Conti di Segni Family of the Counts of Segni, Cardinal Bishop of Ostia.
Before his election to the papacy, Ugolino dei Conti was the Cardinal Bishop of Ostia, and the family coat of arms bear a bird on a gules background.
C o a Innocenzo III.svg
Leo Sabinus. Cœleſtinus iiij. Mediolanenſis, cuius inſignia Leo, Epiſcopus Card. Sabinus.
181 18. Sabine Lion Celestine IV (1241) Goffredo Castiglioni A Milanese, whose arms were a lion, Cardinal Bishop of Sabina.
He was Cardinal Bishop of Sabina and his armorial bearing had a lion in it. Also a play on words, referring to the pope's last name, Castiglioni.
C o a Celestino IV.svg
Comes Laurentius. Innocentius iiij. domo flisca, Comes Lauaniæ, Cardinalis S. Laurentii in Lucina.
182 19. Count Lawrence Innocent IV (1243–1254) Sinibaldo Fieschi Of the house of Flisca (Fieschi), Count of Lavagna, Cardinal of St. Lawrence in Lucina.
He was the Cardinal-Priest of San Lorenzo in Lucca, and his father was the Count of Lavagna.
C o a Adriano V.svg
Signum Oſtienſe. Alexander iiij. De comitibus Signiæ, Epiſcopus Card. Oſtienſis.
183 20. Sign of Ostia Alexander IV (1254–1261) Renaldo dei Signori di Ienne Of the counts of Segni, Cardinal Bishop of Ostia.
He was Cardinal Bishop of Ostia and member of the Conti-Segni family.
C o a Innocenzo III.svg
Hieruſalem Campanię. Vrbanus iiii. Gallus, Trecenſis in Campania, Patriarcha Hieruſalem.
184 21. Jerusalem of Champagne Urban IV (1261–1264) Jacques Pantaleon A Frenchman, of Trecae (Troyes) in Champagne, Patriarch of Jerusalem.
Native of Troyes, Champagne, later patriarch of Jerusalem.
C o a Urbano IV.svg
Draco depreſſus. Clemens iiii. cuius inſignia Aquila vnguibus Draconem tenens.
185 22. Dragon pressed down Clement IV (1265–1268) Guido Fulcodi Whose badge is an eagle holding a dragon in his talons.
His coat of arms had an eagle crushing a dragon.
C o a Clemente IV.svg
Anguinus uir. Gregorius. x. Mediolanenſis, Familia vicecomitum, quæ anguẽ pro inſigni gerit.
186 23. Snaky man Gregory X (1271–1276) Tebaldo Visconti A Milanese, of the family of Viscounts (Visconti), which bears a snake for arms.
The Visconti coat of arms had a large serpent devouring a male child feet first.
C o a Gregorio X.svg
Concionator Gallus. Innocentius. v. Gallus, ordinis Prædicatorum.
187 24. French Preacher Innocent V (1276) Pierre de Tarentaise A Frenchman, of the Order of Preachers. He was born in south-eastern France and was a member of the order of Preachers. C o a Innocenzo V.svg
Bonus Comes. Adrianus. v. Ottobonus familia Fliſca ex comitibus Lauaniæ.
188 25. Good Count/companion Adrian V (1276) Ottobono Fieschi Ottobono, of the Fieschi family, from the counts of Lavagna.
He was a count and a wordplay on "good" can be made with his name, Ottobono.
C o a Adriano V.svg
Piſcator Thuſcus. Ioannes. xxi. antea Ioannes Petrus Epiſcopus Card. Tuſculanus.
189 26. Tuscan Fisherman John XXI (1276–1277) Pedro Julião Formerly John Peter, Cardinal Bishop of Tusculum.
John XXI had been the Cardinal Bishop of Tusculum.
C o a Giovanni XXI.svg
Roſa compoſita. Nicolaus. iii. Familia Vrſina, quæ roſam in inſigni gerit, dictus compoſitus.
190 27. Composite Rose Nicholas III (1277–1280) Giovanni Gaetano Orsini Of the Ursina (Orsini) family, which bears a rose on its arms, called 'composite'.
He bore a rose in his coat of arms.
C o a Niccolo III.svg
Ex teloneo liliacei Martini. Martinus. iiii. cuius inſignia lilia, canonicus, & theſaurarius S. Martini Turonen[sis].
191 28. From the tollhouse of lilied Martin Martin IV (1281–1285) Simone de Brion Whose arms were lilies, canon and treasurer of St. Martin of Tours.
He was Canon and Treasurer at the Church of St. Martin in Tours, France.
C o a Martino IV.svg
Ex roſa leonina. Honorius. iiii. Familia Sabella inſignia roſa à leonibus geſtata.
192 29. Out of the leonine rose Honorius IV (1285–1287) Giacomo Savelli Of the Sabella (Savelli) family, arms were a rose carried by lions.
His coat of arms were emblazoned with two lions supporting a rose.
C o a Onorio IV.svg
Picus inter eſcas. Nicolaus. iiii. Picenus patria Eſculanus.
193 30. Woodpecker between food Nicholas IV (1288–1292) Girolamo Masci A Picene by nation, of Asculum (Ascoli).
He was from Ascoli, now called Ascoli Piceno, in Picene country.
C o a Niccolo IV.svg
Ex eremo celſus. Cœleſtinus. v. Vocatus Petrus de morrone Eremita.
194 31. Raised out of the desert St. Celestine V (1294) Pietro Di Murrone Called Peter de Morrone, a hermit.
Prior to his election he was a hermit (eremita, literally a dweller in the eremus, or desert). Also a play on words (celsus/Coelestinus), referring to the pope's chosen name Celestine.
C o a Celestino V.svg
Ex undarũ bn̑dictione. Bonifacius. viii. Vocatus prius Benedictus, Caetanus, cuius inſignia undæ.
195 32. From the blessing of the waves Boniface VIII (1294–1303) Benedetto Caetani Previously called Benedict, of Gaeta, whose arms were waves.
His coat of arms had a wave through it. Also a play on words, referring to the pope's Christian name, "Benedetto."
C o a Bonifacio VIII.svg
Concionator patereus. [sic] Benedictus. xi. qui uocabatur Frater Nicolaus, ordinis Prædicatorum.
196 33. Preacher From Patara Benedict XI (1303–1304) Nicholas Boccasini Who was called Brother Nicholas, of the order of Preachers.
This Pope belonged to the Order of Preachers. Patara was the hometown of Saint Nicholas, a namesake of this Pope (born Nicholas Boccasini).
C o a Benedetto XI.svg
De feſſis aquitanicis. Clemens V. natione aquitanus, cuius inſignia feſſæ erant.
197 34. From the misfortunes/fesses of Aquitaine Clement V (1305–1314) Bertrand de Got An Aquitanian by birth, whose arms were fesses.
He was a native of St. Bertrand de Comminges in Aquitaine, and eventually became Archbishop of Bordeaux, also in Aquitaine. His coat of arms displays three horizontal bars, known in heraldry as fesses.
C o a Clemente V.svg
De ſutore oſſeo. Ioannes XXII. Gallus, familia Oſſa, Sutoris filius.
198 35. From a bony cobbler John XXII (1316–1334) Jacques Duese A Frenchman, of the Ossa family, son of a cobbler.
His family name was Duèze, D'Euze, D'Euzes, or Euse, the last of which might be back-translated into Latin as Ossa "bones". The popular legend that his father was a cobbler is probably untrue.
C o a Giovanni XXII.svg
Coruus ſchiſmaticus. Nicolaus V. qui uocabatur F. Petrus de corbario, contra Ioannem XXII. Antipapa Minorita.
  36. Schismatic crow Nicholas V, Antipope (1328–1330) Pietro Rainalducci di Corvaro Who was called Brother Peter of Corbarium (Corvaro), the Minorite antipope opposing John XXII.
The motto is a play on words, referring to Pietro di Corvaro's last name.
 
Frigidus Abbas. Benedictus XII. Abbas Monaſterii fontis frigidi.
199 37. Cold abbot Benedict XII (1334–1342) Jacques Fournier Abbot of the monastery of the cold spring.
He was an abbot in the monastery of Fontfroide ("cold spring").
 
De roſa Attrebatenſi. Clemens VI. Epiſcopus Attrebatenſis, cuius inſignia Roſæ.
200 38. From the rose of Arras Clement VI (1342–1352) Pierre Roger Bishop of Arras, whose arms were roses.
He was Bishop of Arras, (Latin: Episcopus Atrebatensis), and his armorial bearings were emblazoned with six roses.
C o a Gregorio XI.svg
De mõtibus Pãmachii. Innocentius VI. Cardinalis SS. Ioannis & Pauli. T. Panmachii, cuius inſignia ſex montes erant.
201 39. From the mountains of Pammachius Innocent VI (1352–1362) Etienne Aubert Cardinal of Saints John and Paul, Titulus of Pammachius, whose arms were six mountains.
Pope Innocent was born at Mont in the diocese of Limoges, France, and he rose to prominence as the Bishop of Clermont. He had been a cardinal priest with the title of St. Pammachius (i.e., the church of SS. Giovanni e Paolo in Rome)
 
Gallus Vicecomes. Vrbanus V. nuncius Apoſtolicus ad Vicecomites Mediolanenſes.
202 40. French viscount Urban V (1362–1370) Guglielmo De Grimoard Apostolic nuncio to the Viscounts of Milan.
He was born of a noble French family.
 
Nouus de uirgine forti. Gregorius XI. qui uocabatur Petrus Belfortis, Cardinalis S. Mariæ nouæ.
203 41. New man from the strong virgin Gregory XI (1370–1378) Pierre Roger de Beaufort Who was called Peter Belfortis (Beaufort), Cardinal of New St. Mary's.
From the Beaufort family and Cardinal of Santa Maria Nuova
 
Decruce Apoſtolica. [sic] Clemens VII. qui fuit Preſbyter Cardinalis SS. XII. Apoſtolorũ cuius inſignia Crux.
  42. From the apostolic cross Clement VII, Antipope (1378–1394) Robert, Count of Geneva Who was Cardinal Priest of the Twelve Holy Apostles, whose arms were a cross.
His coat of arms showed a cross, quarterly pierced.
C o a Clemente VII (Avignone).svg
Luna Coſmedina. Benedictus XIII. antea Petrus de Luna, Diaconus Cardinalis S. Mariæ in Coſmedin.
  43. Cosmedine moon. Benedict XIII, Antipope (1394–1423) Peter de Luna Formerly Peter de Luna, Cardinal Deacon of St. Mary in Cosmedin.
He was the famous Peter de Luna, Cardinal of Santa Maria in Cosmedin.
C o a Benedetto XIII (Avignone).svg
Schiſma Barchinoniũ. Clemens VIII. Antipapa, qui fuit Canonicus Barchinonenſis.
  44. Schism of the Barcelonas Clement VIII, Antipope (1423–1429) Gil Sanchez Muñoz Antipope, who was a canon of Barcelona.
 
De inferno prægnãti. Vrbanus VI. Neapolitanus Pregnanus, natus in loco quæ dicitur Infernus.
204 45. From a pregnant hell. Urban VI (1378–1389) Bartolomeo Prignano The Neapolitan Prignano, born in a place which is called Inferno.
His family name was Prignano or Prignani, and he was native to a place called Inferno near Naples.
 
Cubus de mixtione. Bonifacius. IX. familia tomacella à Genua Liguriæ orta, cuius inſignia Cubi.
205 46. Cube from a mixture Boniface IX (1389–1404) Pietro Tomacelli Of the Tomacelli family, born in Genoa in Liguria, whose arms were cubes.
His coat of arms includes a bend checky — a wide stripe with a checkerboard pattern.
C o a Bonifacio IX.svg
De meliore ſydere. Innocentius. VII. uocatus Coſmatus de melioratis Sulmonenſis, cuius inſignia ſydus.
206 47. From a better star Innocent VII (1404–1406) Cosmo Migliorati Called Cosmato dei Migliorati of Sulmo, whose arms were a star.
The prophecy is a play on words, "better" (melior) referring to the pope's last name, Migliorati (Meliorati). There is a shooting star on his coat of arms.
C o a Innocenzo VII.svg
Nauta de Ponte nigro. Gregorius XII. Venetus, commendatarius eccleſiæ Nigropontis.
207 48. Sailor from a black bridge Gregory XII (1406–1415) Angelo Correr A Venetian, commendatary of the church of Negroponte.  
Flagellum ſolis. Alexander. V. Græcus Archiepiſcopus Mediolanenſis, inſignia Sol.
  49. Whip of the sun Alexander V, Antipope (1409–1410) Petros Philarges A Greek, Archbishop of Milan, whose arms were a sun.
His coat of arms had a large sun on it. Also, a play on words, referring to the pope's last name, "Philarges."
C o a Alexandre V (Pisa).svg
Ceruus Sirenæ. Ioannes XXIII. Diaconus Cardinalis S. Euſtachii, qui cum ceruo depingitur, Bononiæ legatus, Neapolitanus.
  50. Stag of the siren John XXIII, Antipope (1410–1415) Baldassarre Cossa Cardinal Deacon of St. Eustace, who is depicted with a stag; legate of Bologna, a Neapolitan.
Baldassarre Cossa was a cardinal with the title of St. Eustachius. St. Eustachius converted to Christianity after he saw a stag with a cross between its horns. Baldassarre's family was originally from Naples, which has the emblem of the siren.
 
Corona ueli aurei. Martinus V. familia colonna, Diaconus Cardinalis S. Georgii ad velum aureum.
208 51. Crown of the golden curtain Martin V (1417–1431) Oddone Colonna Of the Colonna family, Cardinal Deacon of St. George at the golden curtain.
Oddone Colonna was the Cardinal Deacon of San Giorgio in Velabro. The word "Velabrum" is here interpreted as derived from "velum aureum", or golden veil. His coat of arms had a golden crown resting atop a column.
C o a Martino V.svg
Lupa Cœleſtina, Eugenius. IIII. Venetus, canonicus antea regularis Cœleſtinus, & Epiſcopus Senẽſis.
209 52. Heavenly she-wolf Eugene IV (1431–1447) Gabriele Condulmaro A Venetian, formerly a regular Celestine canon, and Bishop of Siena.
He belonged to the order of the Celestines and was the Bishop of Siena which bears a she-wolf on its arms.
 
Amator Crucis. Felix. V. qui uocabatur Amadæus Dux Sabaudiæ, inſignia Crux.
  53. Lover of the cross Felix V, Antipope (1439–1449) Amadeus Duke of Savoy Who was called Amadeus, Duke of Savoy, arms were a cross.
He was previously the count of Savoy and therefore his coat of arms contained the cross of Savoy. Also, the prophecy is a play on words, referring to the antipope's Christian name, "Amadeus."
C o a Felice V (antipapa).svg
De modicitate Lunæ. Nicolaus V. Lunenſis de Sarzana, humilibus parentibus natus.
210 54. From the meanness of Luna Nicholas V (1447–1455) Tommaso Parentucelli A Lunese of Sarzana, born to humble parents.
He was born in Sarzana in the diocese of Luni, the ancient name of which was Luna.
 
Bos paſcens. Calliſtus. III. Hiſpanus, cuius inſignia Bos paſcens.
211 55. Pasturing ox Callixtus III (1455–1458) Alfonso Borja A Spaniard, whose arms were a pasturing ox.
Alonso Borgia's coat of arms had a grazing ox.
 
De Capra & Albergo. Pius. II. Senenſis, qui fuit à Secretis Cardinalibus Capranico & Albergato.
212 56. From a nanny-goat and an inn Pius II (1458–1464) Enea Silvio de Piccolomini A Sienese, who was secretary to Cardinals Capranicus and Albergatus.
He had been secretary to Cardinal Domenico Capranica and Cardinal Albergatti before he was elected Pope.
 
De Ceruo & Leone. Paulus. II. Venetus, qui fuit Commendatarius eccleſiæ Ceruienſis, & Cardinalis tituli S. Marci.
213 57. From a stag and lion Paul II (1464–1471) Pietro Barbo A Venetian, who was Commendatary of the church of Cervia, and Cardinal of the title of St. Mark.
Possibly refers to his Bishopric of Cervia (punning on cervus, "a stag") and his Cardinal title of St. Mark (symbolized by a winged lion).
 
Piſcator minorita. Sixtus. IIII. Piſcatoris filius, Franciſcanus.
214 58. Minorite fisherman Sixtus IV (1471–1484) Francesco Della Rovere Son of a fisherman, Franciscan.
He was born the son of a fisherman and a member of the Franciscans, also known as "Minorites".
 
Præcurſor Siciliæ. Innocentius VIII. qui uocabatur Ioãnes Baptiſta, & uixit in curia Alfonſi regis Siciliæ.
215 59. Forerunner of Sicily Innocent VIII (1484–1492) Giovanni Battista Cibò Who was called John Baptist, and lived in the court of Alfonso, king of Sicily.
Giovanni Battista Cibò was named after John the Baptist, the precursor of Christ. In his early years, Giovanni served as the Bishop of Molfetta in Sicily.
 
Bos Albanus in portu. Alexander VI. Epiſcopus Cardinalis Albanus & Portuenſis, cuius inſignia Bos.
216 60. Bull of Alba in the harbor Alexander VI (1492–1503) Rodrigo de Borgia Cardinal Bishop of Albano and Porto, whose arms were a bull.
In 1456, he was made a Cardinal and he held the titles of Cardinal Bishop of Albano and Porto. Also, Pope Alexander had a red bull on his coat of arms
 
De paruo homine. Pius. III. Senenſis, familia piccolominea.
217 61. From a small man Pius III (1503) Francesco Todeschini Piccolomini A Sienese, of the Piccolomini family.
His family name was Piccolomini, from piccolo "small" and uomo "man".
 
Fructus Iouis iuuabit. Iulius. II. Ligur, eius inſignia Quercus, Iouis arbor.
218 62. The fruit of Jupiter will help Julius II (1503–1513) Giuliano Della Rovere A Genoese, his arms were an oak, Jupiter's tree.
On his arms was an oak tree, which was sacred to Jupiter. Pope Julius' family name, "Della Rovere," literally means "of the oak."
 
De craticula Politiana. Leo. X. filius Laurentii medicei, & ſcholaris Angeli Politiani.
219 63. From a Politian gridiron Leo X (1513–1521) Giovanni de Medici Son of Lorenzo de' Medici, and student of Angelo Poliziano.
His educator and mentor was the distinguished humanist and scholar, Angelo Poliziano. The “Gridiron” is the motto evidently refers to St. Lawrence, who was martyred on a gridiron. This is a rather elliptical allusion to Lorenzo the Magnificent, who was Giovanni’s father.
 
Leo Florentius. Adrian. VI. Florẽtii filius, eius inſignia Leo.
220 64. Florentian lion Adrian VI (1522–1523) Adriaen Florenszoon Boeyens Son of Florentius, his arms were a lion.
His coat of arms had two lions on it, and his name is sometimes given as Adriaan Florens, or other variants, from his father's first name Florens (Florentius).
 
Flos pilei ægri. Clemens. VII. Florentinus de domo medicea, eius inſignia pila, & lilia.
221 65. Flower of the sick man's pill Clement VII (1523–1534) Giulio de Medici A Florentine of the Medicean house, his arms were pill-balls and lilies.
The Medici coat of arms were emblazoned with six medical balls. One of these balls, the largest of the six, was emblazoned with the Florentine lily.
 
Hiacinthus medicorũ. Paulus. III. Farneſius, qui lilia pro inſignibus geſtat, & Card. fuit SS. Coſme, & Damiani.
222 66. Hyacinth of the physicians Paul III (1534–1549) Alessandro Farnese Farnese, who bore lilies for arms, and was Cardinal of Saints Cosmas and Damian.
Pope Paul's coat of arms were charged with six hyacinths.
 
De corona montana. Iulius. III. antea uocatus Ioannes Maria de monte.
223 67. From the mountainous crown Julius III (1550–1555) Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte Formerly called Giovanni Maria of the Mountain (de Monte)
His coat of arms showed mountains and palm branches laid out in a pattern much like a crown.
 
Frumentum flocidum. [sic] Marcellus. II. cuius inſignia ceruus & frumẽtum, ideo floccidum, quod pauco tempore uixit in papatu.
224 68. Trifling grain Marcellus II (1555) Marcello Cervini Whose arms were a stag and grain; 'trifling', because he lived only a short time as pope.
His coat of arms showed a stag and ears of wheat.
 
De fide Petri. Paulus. IIII. antea uocatus Ioannes Petrus Caraffa.
225 69. From Peter's faith Paul IV (1555–1559) Giovanni Pietro Caraffa Formerly called John Peter Caraffa.
He is said to have used his second Christian name Pietro.
 
Eſculapii pharmacum. Pius. IIII. antea dictus Io. Angelus Medices.
226 70. Aesculapius' medicine Pius IV (1559–1565) Giovanni Angelo de Medici Formerly called Giovanni Angelo Medici.
His family name was Medici.
 
Angelus nemoroſus. Pius. V. Michael uocatus, natus in oppido Boſchi.
227 71. Angel of the grove St. Pius V (1566–1572) Antonio Michele Ghisleri Called Michael, born in the town of Bosco.
He was born in Bosco, (Lombardy); the placename means grove. His name was 'Antonio Michele Ghisleri', and Michele relates to the archangel.
 
Medium corpus pilarũ. Gregorius. XIII. cuius inſignia medius Draco, Cardinalis creatus à Pio. IIII. qui pila in armis geſtabat.
228 72. Half body of the balls Gregory XIII (1572–1585) Ugo Boncompagni Whose arms were a half-dragon; a Cardinal created by Pius IV who bore balls in his arms.
The "balls" in the motto refer to Pope Pius IV, who had made Gregory a cardinal. Pope Gregory had a dragon on his coat of arms with half a body.
 
Axis in medietate ſigni. Sixtus. V. qui axem in medio Leonis in armis geſtat.
229 73. Axle in the midst of a sign. Sixtus V (1585–1590) Felice Peretti Who bears in his arms an axle in the middle of a lion.
This is a rather straightforward description of the pope's coat of arms.
 
De rore cœli. Vrbanus. VII. qui fuit Archiepiſcopus Roſſanenſis in Calabria, ubi mãna colligitur.
230 74. From the dew of the sky Urban VII (1590) Giovanni Battista Castagna Who was Archbishop of Rossano in Calabria, where manna is collected.
He had been Archbishop of Rossano in Calabria where sap called "the dew of heaven" is gathered from trees.
 

Popes 1590 to present

For this group of Popes, the published text only provides names for the first three (i.e., those who were Popes between the appearance of the text in 1590, and its publication in 1595) and attempts no explanations.

Post-appearance Popes (1590–present)
Pope No. Motto (Translation) Regnal Name (Reign) Name Historical Reference or Explanation Coat of Arms
Ex antiquitate Vrbis. Gregorius. XIIII.  
231 75 Of the antiquity of the city Gregory XIV (1590–1591) Niccolo Sfondrati His father was a senator of the ancient city of Milan. The word "senator" is derived from the Latin word "senex", meaning old man.  
Pia ciuitas in bello. Innocentius. IX.  
232 76 Pious city in war Innocent IX (1591) Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti He was the Patriarch of Jerusalem before succeeding to the Papacy.  
Crux Romulea. Clemens. VIII.  
233 77 Cross of Romulus Clement VIII (1592–1605) Ippolito Aldobrandini He had been a cardinal with the title of Saint Pancratius. Saint Pancratius was a Roman martyr.  
Vndoſus uir.  
234 78 Wavy man Leo XI (1605) Alessandro Ottaviano De Medici He had been the Bishop of Palestrina. The ancient Romans attributed the origins of Palestrina to the seafaring hero Ulysses. Also, he had only reigned for 27 days.  
Gens peruerſa.  
235 79 Corrupted nation Paul V (1605–1621) Camillo Borghese Pope Paul scandalized the Church when he appointed his nephew to the College of Cardinals. The word "nepotism" may have originated during the reign of this pope.  
In tribulatione pacis.  
236 80 In the trouble of peace Gregory XV (1621–1623) Alessandro Ludovisi His reign corresponded with the outbreak of the Thirty Years War.  
Lilium et roſa.  
237 81 Lily and rose Urban VIII (1623–1644) Maffeo Barberini He was a native of Florence. Florence, in Italy, has a red lily on its coat of arms.  
Iucunditas crucis.  
238 82 Delight of the cross Innocent X (1644–1655) Giovanni Battista Pamphili He was raised to the pontificate after a long and difficult Conclave on the Feast of the Exaltation of the Cross (off by a day).  
Montium cuſtos.  
239 83 Guard of the mountains Alexander VII (1655–1667) Fabio Chigi His family arms include six hills with a star above them.  
Sydus olorum.  
240 84 Star of the swans Clement IX (1667–1669) Giulio Rospigliosi The "star" in the legend refers Pope Alexander VII, who had made Clement his personal secretary. The Italian word for swan, "Cigni," rhymes with Pope Alexander's last name, "Chigi."  
De flumine magno.  
241 85 From a great river Clement X (1670–1676) Emilio Altieri Pope Clement was a native of Rome.  
Bellua inſatiabilis.  
242 86 Insatiable beast Innocent XI (1676–1689) Benedetto Odescalchi Pope Innocent had a lion on his coat of arms.  
Pœnitentia glorioſa.  
243 87 Glorious penitence Alexander VIII (1689–1691) Pietro Ottoboni His first name was "Pietro". The apostle Peter repented after he had denied his master three times.  
Raſtrum in porta.  
244 88 Rake in the door Innocent XII (1691–1700) Antonio Pignatelli del Rastrello His full name was Antonio Pignatelli del Rastrello. "Rastrello" in Italian means "rake."  
Flores circundati.  
245 89 Surrounded flowers Clement XI (1700–1721) Giovanni Francesco Albani He had been a cardinal with the title of San Maria in Aquiro.  
De bona religione.  
246 90 From good religion Innocent XIII (1721–1724) Michelangelo dei Conti A play on words, referring to the pope's chosen name, "Innocent." He was from the famous Conti family which had produced several Popes.  
Miles in bello.  
247 91 Soldier in War Benedict XIII (1724–1730) Pietro Francesco Orsini    
Columna excelſa.  
248 92 Lofty column Clement XII (1730–1740) Lorenzo Corsini When still a cardinal, he had held the title of St. Peter in Chains. The name "Peter" is derived from the Greek word "petros," meaning "rock." Clement was a frustrated architect who ordered, and sometimes interfered with, the building of many churches. He managed to salvage two columns of the Parthenon for his chapel at Mantua.  
Animal rurale.  
249 93 Country animal Benedict XIV (1740–1758) Marcello Lambertini    
Roſa Vmbriæ.  
250 94 Rose of Umbria Clement XIII (1758–1769) Carlo Rezzonico He had been a cardinal with the title of Santa Maria in Aracoeli. In mystical circles, the Virgin Mary is represented by a rose.  
Vrſus uelox.  
251 95 Swift bear (later misprinted as Cursus velox Swift Course or Visus velox Swift Glance) Clement XIV (1769–1774) Lorenzo Giovanni Vincenzo Antonio Ganganelli The Ganganelli family crest bore a running bear. C o a Clemente XIV.svg
Peregrin9 apoſtolic9.  
252 96 Apostolic pilgrim Pius VI (1775–1799) Giovanni Angelico Braschi Spent the last two years of his life in exile, a prisoner of the French Revolution.  
Aquila rapax.  
253 97 Rapacious eagle Pius VII (1800–1823) Barnaba Chiaramonti The Pope's pontificate was overshadowed by Napoleon, whose emblem was the eagle.  
Canis & coluber.  
254 98 Dog and adder Leo XII (1823–1829) Annibale Sermattei della Genga "Dog" and "snake" are common insults, and Leo was widely hated. The legend could be an allusion to the pope's last name, Sermattei. "Serpente" is the Italian word for snake. C o a Leone XII.svg
Vir religioſus.  
255 99 Religious man Pius VIII (1829–1830) Francesco Saverio Castiglioni Another play on words, referring to the pope's chosen name, "Pius". C o a Pio VIII.svg
De balneis Ethruriæ.  
256 100 From the baths of Tuscany Gregory XVI (1831–1846) Mauro, or Bartolomeo Alberto Cappellari Pope Gregory XVI belonged to the Camaldolese order of monks. The Camaldolese order is said to have begun with two monastic houses. The first of these houses was Campus Maldoli, and the second was Fonte Buono. "Fonte Buono" is Italian for "good fountain."  
Crux de cruce.  
257 101 Cross from cross Bl. Pius IX (1846–1878) Giovanni Maria Mastai Ferretti During the pontificate of Pius IX, the House of Savoy, whose coat of arms is a white cross on a red background, reunited Italy and stripped the pope of his territorial possessions. Pope Pius XII, commenting on the beatification process of Pius IX, used the words per crucem ad lucem (through the cross to light). Pius IX was finally beatified by Pope John Paul II in 2000.
C o a Pio IX.svg
Lumen in cœlo.  
258 102 Light in the sky Leo XIII (1878–1903) Gioacchino Pecci His coat of arms had a shooting star. Leone 13.jpg
Ignis ardens.  
259 103 Burning fire St. Pius X (1903–1914) Giuseppe Sarto Pius advocated the codification of Canon law, daily communion and the use of Gregorian chant in the Catholic liturgy, and was an opponent of Modernism. He was the first pope to be declared a saint in over 400 years, the previous one being Pope Pius V. Pius X COA.svg
Religio depopulata.  
260 104 Religion destroyed Benedict XV (1914–1922) Giacomo Della Chiesa Worldwide spread of atheistic Communism. See below  
Fides intrepida.  
261 105 Intrepid faith Pius XI (1922–1939) Achille Ratti Established Vatican City as a country and the papacy as a head of state. See below C o a Pio XI.svg
Paſtor angelicus.  
262 106 Angelic shepherd Ven. Pius XII (1939–1958) Eugenio Pacelli Said to have received visions, some of which have yet to be revealed. See below Pius 12 coa.svg
Paſtor & nauta.  
263 107 Shepherd and sailor Bl. John XXIII (1958–1963) Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli From Venice, a maritime city. See below John 23 coa.svg
Flos florum.  
264 108 Flower of flowers Paul VI (1963–1978) Giovanni Battista Enrico Antonio Maria Montini His coat of arms features three flowers. See below Coat of Arms of Pope Paul VI.svg
De medietate lunæ.  
265 109 From the midst of the moon John Paul I (1978) Albino Luciani His month-long reign began with the moon half-full. See below John paul 1 coa.svg
De labore ſolis.  
266 110 From a solar eclipse Bl. John Paul II (1978–2005) Karol Wojtyła Born on the day of a solar eclipse. See below John paul 2 coa.svg
Gloria oliuæ.  
267 111 Glory of the olive. Benedict XVI (2005–present) Joseph Ratzinger See below BXVI CoA like gfx PioM.svg
   In ꝑsecutione extrema S.R.E. ſedebit.
  He will reign during the ultimate persecution of the Holy Roman Church.
   Petrus Romanus, qui paſcet oues in multis tribulationibus: quibus tranſactis ciuitas ſepticollis diruetur, & Iudex tremẽdus iudicabit populum ſuum. Finis.
268 112 Peter the Roman, who will nourish the sheep in many tribulations; when they are finished, the city of seven hills will be destroyed, and the dreadful judge will judge his people. The end. Unknown Unknown See below  

Recent Popes and the Malachy Prophecy

Pope Benedict XV (Religio depopulata)

C o a Bennedetto XV.svg

The motto means "religions laid waste". During Pope Benedict XV's reign, four significant events occurred:

  • the apparitions of the Blessed Virgin Mary at Fátima in 1917
  • World War I, which killed 20 million people in Europe,
  • Spanish flu, the 1918 flu pandemic which killed 50–100 million people worldwide
  • the October Revolution in Russia, which established the atheist Soviet Union.

Pope Pius XI (Fides intrepida)

C o a Pio XI.svg

The motto means "intrepid faith". This pope released the encyclical Mit Brennender Sorge which condemned Nazi racism and also signed agreements with Fascist Italy which, among other things, gave the Vatican sovereignty, established the pope as head of state, and added 700 million lire to the church coffers.

Pope Pius XII (Pastor angelicus)

Pius 12 coa.svg

The motto means "angelic shepherd". This pope was known to be very mystical, and it was believed that he received visions. His writings added greatly to understanding of Catholic beliefs and church doctrine. During his reign, Pius exercised Papal Infallibility in defining dogma when he issued, on November 1, 1950 an apostolic constitution, Munificentissimus Deus, which defines ex cathedra the dogma of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven. He was declared Venerable in 2009.

Pope John XXIII (Pastor et nauta)

John 23 coa.svg

"Pastor et nauta" translates to "shepherd and sailor". Prior to his election he was patriarch of Venice, which is a maritime city, famous for its waterways and gondolas.

The anti-pope Pius XIII of the True Catholic Church has also claimed to be "Pastor et nauta", as their group believes that his last valid predecessor was Pius XII. He has used justifications including his residence in the United States, which is across the Atlantic Ocean from Rome.

Pope Paul VI (Flos florum)

Coat of Arms of Pope Paul VI.svg

Pope Paul VI, is described in the prophecies as "flos florum" or "flower of flowers". His personal arms bore three fleurs-de-lis, the heraldic charge best known as that in the arms of the French monarchy. Fleur-de-lis literally means "flower of the lily": yet the medieval flower par excellence was the rose, not the lily; and many popes have borne various flowers in their arms.

The fleur-de-lys has the meaning of purity and chastity in Catholic religion. Paul VI published his encyclical Humanae Vitae subtitled On Human Life, on July 25, 1968. In this encyclical he reaffirmed the Catholic Church's traditional condemnation of artificial birth control.

Pope John Paul I (De medietate lunae)

John paul 1 coa.svg

"De medietate lunae" translates to "from the midst of the moon" or "from the half moon". It has also been interpreted as "De media aetate lunae", meaning "of the average age of the moon".

  • Albino Luciani, who later became Pope John Paul I, was born in Canale d'Agordo, diocese of Belluno, which name is similar to bella luna or beautiful moon.
  • He was elected on August 26, 1978, the day after the moon reached its last quarter, and reigned for 33 days, approximately five days longer than a lunar cycle. He died the day before the new moon.
  • However, a much simpler explanation might be that he was born on the day of the half moon: on October 17, 1912, the moon was in its first quarter.
  • Others point to his name before becoming pope, Albino Luciani. Albino is related to "albus", white, and "Luciani", derived from "Lucius", is ultimately related to the Latin word lux "light", whence "white light". Still others have linked "half-moon" to the smile often exhibited by John Paul I, who is remembered by many as the "smiling Pope."

Pope John Paul II (De labore solis)

John paul 2 coa.svg

The prophetic motto corresponding to Pope John Paul II is "De labore solis", which literally means "Of the labor (work/giving birth) of the sun"; but "labor solis" is a common Latin expression that means a solar eclipse.

There are a variety of explanations that have been given to explain the motto:

  • Karol Jozef Wojtyła, who later became Pope John Paul II, was born on 18 May 1920, the day of a partial solar eclipse over the Indian Ocean, and buried on 8 April 2005, the day of a rare hybrid eclipse over the south-western Pacific and South America.
  • During World War II, Karol Wojtyła worked in a quarry, "laboring in the sunlight".
  • It might also be seen to be the fruit of the intercession of the "Woman Clothed with the Sun labouring" in the Book of Revelation 12, because of his devotion to the Virgin Mary, to whose intercession he credited surviving an assassination attempt early in his papacy.
  • Also, he affirmed the importance of the reported messages of the Virgin Mary at Fatima, which had as its confirming event, the strange "solar miracle" or "sun spinning in the sky" event, reported in the secular media in 1917.
  • It has also been suggested that the associated Latin phrase could also be an anagram for "de borealis sol" (correct Latin: de boreali sol) or "a Sun from the North", being a luminary coming from Poland which is north of Rome.
  • Another interpretation points simply to the sun rising in the east and his being the first Pope from Eastern Europe.
  • A further theory is that the combination of "labore" and "solis" cryptically refers to "the sun of the workers", i.e., "the star of communism", with John Paul being the only pope to have spent much of his life under a communist regime.
  • Said Pope rose in history together – and probably had special relationship with – the Gdansk "Solidarity" workers union. The logo of this union is the circle of the sun and some lines which represent its rays, plus the word "SOL" which is the beginning of the Polish Union name "Solidarity".
  • Yet another theory exists among some traditionalist Catholics, who believe that the motto translates as "Eclipse of the Sun". These Catholics view the Second Vatican Council as a fundamental departure of the Catholic faith. and that the differences between the church before and after the council are stark enough to regard the contemporary official Catholic Church as a new modernist church and not truly Catholic. The sun is so interpreted as the true Catholic faith, which has been eclipsed by the heterodoxy of the council teachings. They identify this time period as the Great Apostasy, that has been predicted for the End of Times.
  • John Paul II introduced the Luminous Mysteries to the Rosary.
  • During his pontificate, John Paul II traveled extensively all around the world, more than any other pope before, and similarly to what the sun does daily, from an earth-centric point of view.
  • Nicolaus Copernicus, who was the first astronomer to formulate a comprehensive heliocentric cosmology, spent his youth in Kraków, Poland. The heliocentric model of the universe was described as heretical by Catholic Church during the early 17th century, when the Copernican system was espoused by Galileo Galilei. This position was reversed in 1992 by Pope John Paul II, who also spent his youth in Kraków, Poland, in his apology to Galileo, 450 years after Copernicus published De revolutionibus and 360 years after Galileo's trial. Thus, the "Toil of the Sun" may have referenced the Church's acceptance of heliocentricity.

Pope Benedict XVI (Gloria olivae)

BXVI CoA like gfx PioM.svg

"Gloria olivae" or "glory of the olive", is the last short phrase on the list.

  • Prior to the papal conclave, this motto led to speculation that the next pontiff would be from the Order of Saint Benedict, whose symbols include the olive branch. Others believed it might refer to Cardinal Martini.
  • Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger, elected in April 2005, is not a Benedictine, but did choose Benedict XVI as his regnal name, partially named after Benedictine founder Benedict of Nursia, which might be regarded as a fulfillment of this prophecy.
  • By choosing the name Benedict, the Pope became linked with St. Benedict, who in turn is distantly connected to the Olivetans, a small sub-order of Benedictines. Although it is frequently stated that the Order of St Benedict is also known as that of the Olivetans, this is not true: while all Olivetans are Benedictines, few Benedictines are Olivetans.
  • On 5 April 1993, the future Pope Benedict XVI was installed as the cardinal bishop of Velletri-Segni. Velletri's coat of arms are emblazoned with three olive trees. It was while Cardinal Bishop of the Sees of Ostia and Velletri-Segni that Cardinal Ratzinger took part in the 2005 Conclave, in which he was elected Pope.
  • Pope Benedict XVI was born on 16 April, the feast day of Saint Benedict Joseph Labre (26 March 1748 – 16 April 1783), also known as the Holy Pilgrim, with whom the Pope now shares both names, Benedict and Joseph. St. Benedict Labre, however, is not associated with olives, Olivetans or Mount Olivet in any way.
  • Yet another possible interpretation might be that, like his predecessor — who spoke of the Church needing to "breathe with both lungs" again — Pope Benedict XVI has a special desire to reunite with the Eastern Orthodox churches, which have been separated since the Great Schism in 1054. The olive can of course be taken as a symbol of Greece, and hence the Greek Orthodox Church (and — by extension — the Russian Orthodox Church which grew out of it).
  • Another interpretation was that "Gloria Olivae" would promote world peace, as symbolized by the olive branch. In a general audience on 27 April 2005, Benedict XVI explained that he chose his regnal name as a link to Benedict XV, "Religio Depopulata", and that: "In his footsteps I place my ministry, in the service of reconciliation and harmony between peoples, profoundly convinced that the great good of peace is above all a gift of God, a fragile and precious gift to be invoked, safeguarded and constructed, day after day and with everyone's contribution."
  • Some, who expect Pope Benedict XVI to restore order and discipline, namely, the "rule", Latin "regula", within the Catholic Church, the "sheepfold", Latin "ovilis", whence "ovilia", the place where the sheep lay to rest. Consider the phrase to be an imperfect and ungrammatical anagram, "de regola ovilia" (correct Latin: de regula oviliae) or "of the rule of the sheepfold" for the counter-reformation he is expected to introduce.
  • Others have pointed to the Olivet Discourse in the Gospel of Matthew and argued that the events described therein will come to completion during the reign of this Pope. These people argue that the Tribulation will begin during the reign of Benedict XVI.

Cardinal Ratzinger's choice of the name Benedict XVI was seen by some as the fulfillment of the prophecy gloria olivae, since it is claimed that the olive branch is sometimes used as a symbol of St. Benedict. However, prior to his election there were numerous speculations in the media as to what could be considered as "fulfillment of the prophecy". For example, it was said that any pope from the Benedictine Order; or any Latin American pope (with olive complexion) or any black pope; or any pope from Italy or Spain (two countries strongly associated with the cultivation of olives); or any pope with links to Judaism—any of the aforementioned possibilities was advanced as constituting a fulfillment of the prophecy, giving a broad array of possibilities. It has also been noted that the choice of name, while interesting for those who predicted the choice of the name, was not statistically unlikely, as modern papal names are generally chosen from a fairly limited set of names. In the last 250 years, for example, there have only been eight names used for Popes: Clement, John, Benedict, Pius, Gregory, Paul, Leo, and John Paul. Media comments on Pope Benedict XVI's choice of name have suggested that his motive was to emulate Pope Benedict XV's legacy of diplomacy and theological conservatism.

Petrus Romanus

The longest and final motto reads in the original Latin:

In ꝑſecutione extre-

ma S.R.E. ſedebit.
Petrus Romanus, qui
paſcet oues in mul-
tis tribulationibus:
quibus tranſactis ci-
uitas ſepticollis di-
ruetur, & Iudex tre
mẽdus iudicabit po
pulum ſuum. Finis.
  • This is usually translated into English as:

"In the last persecution of the Holy Roman Church, there will sit [i.e., as bishop].
Peter the Roman, who will pasture his sheep in many tribulations:
and when these things are finished, the city of seven hills will be destroyed,
and the terrible judge will judge his people.
The End."

However, in the 1595 Lignum Vitae, the line In persecutione extrema S.R.E. sedebit. forms a separate sentence and paragraph of its own, and it is unclear whether it is grammatically related to Gloria Olivae which precedes it, or to Petrus Romanus, which follows it.

There is, also, a claim that the original list written by St. Malachy, does not contain a reference to Petrus Romanus and that the last lines were added to the printed text in Wyon's Lignum Vitæ. This, however, cannot be proved, as the original manuscript (if any) probably no longer exists.

Pope Prophecy : Authenticity and skepticism

Spanish writer father Benito Jerónimo Feijóo wrote in his Teatro Crítico Universal (1724–1739), in an entry called Purported prophecies, that the ones by Saint Malachy's were a shameful forgery, claiming that they were created ad hoc during the 16th century. As a proof, he offers an accurate fact: that the first time the prophecy is mentioned is on a handwritten account by patriarch Alfonso Chacón (a.k.a Alphonsus Ciacconus, 1540–1599) in 1590 (this account would be later published, in 1595, by the abovementioned historian Arnold de Wyon); in this account, Chacón only comments about the prophecies until the papacy of Urban VII (whose papacy only lasted September 1590, and was the current pope at the time Chacón wrote the comment). According to Feijóo, Chacón, who held a great intellectual prestige at the time, was lured to comment on the prophecies by someone who wanted to help cardinal Girolamo Simoncelli (1522–1605) reach the papacy. By showing them to be accurate till Urban VII, it was expected people would believe the following ones. That way, Girolamo Simoncelli could be easily elected pope, since the prophecy after Urban VII's one tells about a pope Ex antiquitate urbis (from the antiquity of the city), a fact that seems to fit him, who was cardinal of Orvieto (literally "old city", urbs vetus), or at least better than Gregory XIV, who was elected pope after Urban VII. Thus, the forgery would have been unsuccessful, since Simoncelli was not elected pope. Jesuit father Claude-François Menestrier also claimed that the prophecies were forged in order to help the papal candidacy of Girolamo Simoncelli, offering similar reasons to those of Feijóo. Spanish historian José Luis Calvo points out that the prophecies seem to be very accurate till Urban VII, fitting perfectly even the antipopes, but that afterwards great efforts have to be made in order to make the prophecies fit their pope. Feijóo's explanation is usually regarded as being the strongest evidence of the forgery.

 
< Prev   Next >
armageddon
Sponsors
Emergency Water Kitarmageddon
Survival Kitsarmageddon
Just Live Off Gridarmageddon
Prep and Pantryarmageddon
Shepherd Survivalarmageddon
Advertise Here!
Site Meter
Syndicate AO!

Nostradamus - 2012 - Armageddon Events - End of the World Scenarios - Natural Disasters